The USA Women’s National Soccer Team’s fourth World Cup victory reflects both the dominance of these American athletes and the fruits of legal and social policy, rooted in Title IX, to get girls into soccer. When Title IX was passed in 1972, only 700 girls played high school soccer; today, there are over 400,000. Basketball shows a similar jump and the success of the USA Women’s Hockey team is creating more opportunities for girls in hockey.
But what about America’s pastime? Girls’ baseball programs flourish abroad, but women’s baseball struggles in its American birthplace. Why is baseball the exception?